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Topic of the Month: Blood Sugars and Fear

Photo: Glucose meter

A new CDC-TV video details how more than one quarter of U.S. adults have prediabetes, which puts them at high risk for type 2 diabetes. The video explains how weight loss and regular physical activity can reduce the risk by nearly 60 percent.  The keys are to know your risk and take steps to stay healthy.


To help Americans learn if they are at risk for type 2 diabetes, CDC-TV has just released a new video in the "Health Matters" series, "Blood Sugar & Fears." It provides expert advice about who is at risk for type 2 diabetes and how to protect your health, including a personal story about healthy lifestyle changes.  The video also underscores the fact that the disease affects more than 20 million people nationwide and that diabetes can cause serious complications, including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and the loss of feet or legs.

Almost everyone who develops type 2 diabetes has prediabetes first. Many Americans with prediabetes do not realize they have this condition, a diagnosis which raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. People with prediabetes are also at higher risk for heart disease, stroke and eye disease.  Are you at risk for type 2 diabetes, or could you have diabetes and not know it? About one-quarter of people with type 2 diabetes don't know they have the disease.

The "Blood Sugar & Fears" video builds upon resources available from CDC's Diabetes & Me website. "Blood Sugar & Fears" is available to download via CDC-TV, podcast or radio PSA, and is also accessible via mobile phone. See "Download this Video" instructions on CDC-TV if your organization would like to use the video. New "Health Matters" features are released at CDC-TV each month. The videos are produced in collaboration with CDC subject matter experts and are designed to provide insights into important health issues, information about CDC research and programs, and ways viewers can address the issues. Each feature includes links to related resources, so that users can find more information. Other CDC-TV products include PSAs with innovative content, such as the animated Eagle Book series, which contains healthy lifestyle messages specifically tailored for young viewers.

Providing short, high-quality videos is part of CDC's goal to increase people's access to the information necessary to help prevent illness, injury and to protect their health and that of their families. Collectively, these and other resources contribute to CDC's efforts supporting a larger effort by staff and partners to lead America toward becoming the healthiest nation. For more information, please visit CDC-TV.

Are You at Risk?

You are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you are:

  • Obese
  • Have a parent, brother or sister with type 2 diabetes
  • Age 45 or older
  • Developed diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes)
  • Are not physically active
  • Belong to certain racial or ethnic groups. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.

Tips for Healthy Lifestyle Changes

Even if you have prediabetes, you can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by changing some habits.
Three keys to success:

  • If you are overweight, lose 5 to 7 percent of your body weight. That's 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person.
  • Get a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity such as brisk walking, at least five days a week
  • Eat a variety of foods that are low in fat and reduce the number of calories you eat per day.

 More Information